新東方網>福州新東方學校>出國留學>備考資料>雅思>正文

預測|2019年7月20日雅思考試預測+備考建議(含題解)

2019-07-18 14:13

來源:新東方前途英國留學

作者:

閱讀部分 Reading

6月份的文章涉及題材主要集中在人文社科,建議考生在正式考試之前認真做完下表中的對應劍橋真題。題型方面,除了人名匹配題和段落信息匹配題在第2+3篇文章中依然大量出現之外,6月的還集中出現了較多的list of heading 題,需要各位考生格外重視。


  最后附上一篇真題,供大家復習參考:


The Adolescents

[A] The American Academy of Pediatrics recognizes three stages of adolescence. There are early, middle and late adolescence, and each has its own developmental tasks. Teenagers move through these tasks at their own speed depending on their physical development and hormone levels. Although these stages are common to all teenagers, each child will go through them in his or her own highly individual ways.


[B] During the early years young people make the first attempts to leave the dependent, secure role of a child and to establish themselves as unique individuals, independent of their parents. Early adolescence is marked by rapid physical growth and maturation. The focus of adolescents' self-concepts are thus often on their physical self and their evaluation of their physical acceptability. Early adolescence is also a period of intense conformity to peers. 'Getting along.' not being different, and being accepted seem somehow pressing to the early adolescent. The worst possibility, from the view of the early adolescent, is to be seen by peers as 'different.'


[C] Middle adolescence is marked by the emergence of new thinking skills. The intellectual world of the young person is suddenly greatly expanded. Their concerns about peers are more directed toward their opposite sexed peers. It is also during this period that the move to establish psychological independence from one's parents accelerates. Delinquency behavior may emerge since parental views are no longer seen as absolutely correct by adolescents. Despite some delinquent behavior, middle adolescence is a period during which young people are oriented toward what is right and proper. They are developing a sense of behavioral maturity and learning to control their impulsiveness.


[D] Late adolescence is marked be the final preparations for adult roles. The developmental demands of late adolescence often extend into the period that we think of as young adulthood. Late adolescents attempt to crystallize their vocational goals and to establish sense of personal identity. Their needs for peer approval are diminished and they are largely psychologically independent from their parents. The shift to adulthood is nearly complete.


[E] Some years ago, Professor Robert Havighurst of the University of Chicago proposed that stages in human development can best be thought of in terms of the developmental tasks that are part of the normal. He identified eleven developmental tasks associated with the adolescent transition. One developmental task an adolescent needs to achieve is to adjust to a new physical sense of self. At no other time since birth does an individual undergo such rapid and profound physical changes as during early adolescence. Puberty is marked by sudden rapid growth in height and weight. Also, the young person experiences the emergence and accentuation of those physical traits that make him or her a boy or a girl. The effect of this rapid change is that the young adolescent often becomes focused on his or her body.


[F] Before adolescence, children's thinking is dominated by a need to have a concrete example for any problem that they solve. Their thinking is constrained to what is real and physical. During adolescence, young people begin to recognize and understand abstractions. The adolescent must adjust to increased cognitive demands at school. Adults see high school in part as a place where adolescents prepare for adult roles and responsibilities and in part as preparatory for further education. School curricula are frequently dominated by inclusion of more abstract, demanding material, regardless of whether the adolescents have achieved formal thought. Since not all adolescents make the intellectual transition at the same rate, demands for abstract thinking prior to achievement of that ability may be frustrating.


[G] During adolescence, as teens develop increasingly complex knowledge systems and a sense of self, they also adopt an integrated set of values and morals. During the early stages of moral development, parents provide their child with a structured set of rules of what is right and wrong, what is acceptable and unacceptable. Eventually the adolescent must assess the parents' values as they come into conflict with values expressed by peers and other segments of society. To reconcile differences, the adolescent restructures those beliefs into a personal ideology.


[H] The adolescent must develop expanded verbal skills. As adolescents mature intellectually, as they face increased school demands, and as they prepare for adult roles, they must develop new verbal skills to accommodate more complex concepts and tasks. Their limited language of childhood is no longer adequate. Adolescents may appear less competent because of their inability to express themselves meaningfully.


[I] The adolescent must establish and psychological independence from his or her parents. Childhood is marked by strong dependence on one's parents. Adolescents may yearn to keep that safe, secure, supportive, dependent relationship. Yet, to be an adult implies a sense of independence, of autonomy, of being one's own person. Adolescents may vacillate between their desire for dependence and their need to be independent. In an attempt to assert their need for independence and individuality, adolescents may respond with what appears to be hostility and lack of cooperation.


[J] Adolescents do not progress through these multiple developmental tasks separately. At any given time, adolescents may be dealing with several. Further, the centrality of specific developmental tasks varies with early, middle, and late periods of the transition.


Questions 1-6

Matching the following characteristics with the correct stages of the adolescents. Write the correct letter A, B or C, in boxes 1-6 on your answer sheet.

A. early adolescence

B. middle adolescence

C. later adolescence

 

1. interested in the opposite sex

2. exposure to danger

3. the same as others

4. beginning to form individual thinking without family context

5. less need approval of friends

6. intellectual booming

 

Questions 7-10

Complete each sentence with the correct ending A-F, below.

Write the correct letters A-F, in boxes 7-10 on your answer sheet.

7. One of Havighurst's research

8. High school courses

9. Adolescence is time when young people

10. The developmental speed of thinking patterns

List of the statements

A. form personal identity with a set of moral and values.

B. develops a table and productive peer relationships.

C. are designed to be more challenging than some can accept.

D. varies from people to people.

E. focuses on creating self image.

F. become an extension of their parents.

 

Questions 11-13

Do the following statements agree with the information given in Reading Passage 1?

In boxes 11-13 on your answer sheet, write

TRUE if the statement is true

FALSE if the statement is false

NOT GIVEN if the information is not given in the passage

11. The adolescent lacks the ability of thinking abstractly.

12. Adolescents may have deficit in their language ability.

13. The adolescent experiences a transition from reliance on his parents to independence.


答案:

1. B

2. B

3. A

4. A

5. C

6. B

7. E

8. C

9. A

10. D

11. FALSE

12. TRUE

13. TRUE

免費試聽課程

24小時內將會有老師聯系您,安排課程試聽

班級類型:
意向校區:

新東方福州學校官方微信:(微信號:fz-xdf

及時獲取本地權威教育資訊,隨時隨地的貼身學習顧問,英語學習的好幫手、課程規劃的好助手,請掃一掃二維碼,關注我們的官方微信!

焦點推薦

版權及免責聲明

凡本網注明"稿件來源:新東方"的所有文字、圖片和音視頻稿件,版權均屬新東方教育科技集團(含本網和新東方網) 所有,任何媒體、網站或個人未經本網協議授權不得轉載、鏈接、轉貼或以其他任何方式復制、發表。已經本網協議授權的媒體、網站,在下載使用時必須注明"稿件來源:新東方",違者本網將依法追究法律責任。

本網未注明"稿件來源:新東方"的文/圖等稿件均為轉載稿,本網轉載僅基于傳遞更多信息之目的,并不意味著贊同轉載稿的觀點或證實其內容的真實性。如其他媒體、網站或個人從本網下載使用,必須保留本網注明的"稿件來源",并自負版權等法律責任。如擅自篡改為"稿件來源:新東方",本網將依法追究法律責任。

如本網轉載稿涉及版權等問題,請作者見稿后在兩周內速來電與新東方網聯系,電話:010-60908555。

红豆下载软件_黄豆直播app怎样下载_土豆直播在哪里下载